Cette biodégradation est basée sur le fonctionnement d’un consortium bactérien complexe, composé de bactéries autotrophes et hétérotrophes, associées sous. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Influence possible des protozoaires sur le taux de mortalité des bactéries autotrophes nitrifiantes | Le modele de l’IAWQ du. Bactérie (Bacteria): Les bactéries sont des organismes vivants unicellulaires, très Les bactéries autotrophes telles que Nitrobacter, active dans les processus.

Author: Kazrahn Faut
Country: Georgia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 24 December 2012
Pages: 199
PDF File Size: 11.37 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.66 Mb
ISBN: 604-2-92675-560-7
Downloads: 43624
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Zulurisar

At the present time, the most used methods are dealing with isotopic tracers: The determined optimal growth rate was 0. This factors allowed us to establish a relationship between potential nitrifying activity measurements and nitrifying biomass: Ammonium was measured with the indophenol blue method, nitrate was reduced in nitrite on a cadmium bed and nitrite was measured with the sulfanilamide method.

Nitrifying cell numbers and size in the pure cultures were determined by epifluorescence with a microscope, after DAPI staining. A collection of writing tools that cover the many facets of English and French grammar, style and usage. In this case, carbon incorporation rates can be converted in ammonium oxidation rates with the use of the conversion factor 0.

Nitrifying activity, nitrifying biomass, 14C-bicarbonate incorporation, nitrification inhibitors, N-serve, chlorate. C incorporation rates are measured by the incubation of samples with 14C-bicarbonate, the samples being filtered on 0. Pure cultures of Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrobacter winogradskyi were obtained from the National Collection of Industrial and Marine Bacteria Aberdeen, Scotland and a continuous enrichment culture of mixed heterotrophic bacteria, without nitrifying organisms, was obtained with a freshwater inoculum by imposing a residence time of 2 hours less than the generation time of nitrifying bacteria.

The method can also be used by placing the sample in optimal temperature, pH, oxygen and ammonium conditions for nitrifying bacteria, to allow potential nitrifying activity measurements.

Biovolumes were estimated according to cell size and converted in biomasses according to a conversion factor determined experimentally with a carbon analyser. Download the article in PDF to read it.

Recently developed gene-probes techniques work well for the identification of particular strains, but are not yet useful for the numeration. By acting this way, inhibition of autotrophic C incorporation by nitrifying bacteria was also complete, while heterotrophic incorporation was unaffected. For this reason N-serve was added in the empty flask lew the sample to allow the autotdophe of the solvent.


This work presents a reassessment of the autotrophic nitrifying activity measurement by the 14C-bicarbonate incorporation method and its use to estimate the biomass of nitrifying bacteria. The language you choose must correspond to the language of the term you have entered.

Aquificae — Wikipédia

N-serve, allyl thio-urea, acetylene, methylfluoride and dimethyl ether, as most used. Our conclusion is that the results presented in this paper allow the validation of the 14C-bicarbonate incorporation method with and without inhibitors to measure the nitrifying activity.

By regenerating oxidised forms of nitrogen nitratethe nitrification process plays an important role in the nitrogen cycle of aquatic environments.

Switch to classic view. Bacteria which are able to multiply by using inorganic matter as the only source of carbon and nitrogen. The main differences of our protocol to the original ones is that we propose the use of a combination of 2 inhibitors, N-serve and chlorate, and the elimination by evaporation of the organic solvent of N-serve ethanol to avoid any interference with the heterotrophic populations.

Classical culture techniques most probable number and immunofluorescence techniques are known to greatly underestimate the numbers of active organisms. Revue des sciences de l’eau 11, no.

In which subject field? Bicarbonate lles measured by acid titration in natural water samples, and with the evolution method for culture samples.

The inhibitors effects were also determined on the C incorporation rates of heterotrophic bacteria. Access a collection of Canadian resources on all aspects of English and French, including quizzes. Several methods were used for our study: The general bacterje of the method was demonstrated by experiments on nitrification inhibitors in enrichment cultures.

A good alternative to these methods consists in the measurement of potential nitrifying activity which is correlated to the nitrifying biomass.

These methods can be applied as long as the inhibitors are specific for nitrifying bacteria, and lss are high enough to allow the measurement of concentration variations during incubation times which are not too long.


Environmental Studies and Analyses [1]. These experiments consisted in measuring the effect of different combinations of N-serve, ethanol the organic solvent of N-serve and chlorate, on N-oxidation rates and C incorporation rates on samples of the two nitrifying enrichment cultures ammonium- and nitrite-oxidising bacteria.

Different methods of measuring the nitrifying activity exist. Revue des sciences de l’eau11 2— The organic solvent enhanced heterotrophic incorporation of C which totally masked out the autotrophic contribution of nitrifying bacteria.

Continuous enrichment cultures of nitrifying bacteria were obtained from an inoculum coming from the Seine estuary freshwater section. The first methods developed were based on the use of specific nitrification inhibitors: They consist in measuring differences of ammonium, nitrite and nitrate dynamics in an inhibited and control sample during time. The method can be used in in situ conditions, to allow real nitrifying activities measurements in samples.

The measurement of the activity and biomass of nitrifying bacteria is thus essential to understand and quantify the general nitrogen fluxes in those environments. This factor is considered to be constant in the standard incubation conditions.

This potential activity can be used to estimate the nitrifying biomass by considering a conversion factor of 0. Glossaries and vocabularies Access Translation Bureau glossaries and vocabularies. FAQ Frequently asked questions Display options.

Maybe the correct one is

Change the order of display of the autotrophf languages of Canada English first French first Option to display the non-official languages Spanish or Portuguese Neither Spanish Portuguese Display definitions, contexts, etc.

To measure potential nitrifying activities, the optimal growth conditions of nitrifying bacteria were determined on enrichment cultures: Language Portal of Canada Access a collection of Canadian resources on all aspects of English and French, including quizzes. Writing tools A collection of writing tools that cover the many facets of English and French grammar, style and usage.