ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. I’m starting to read Max Horkheimer’s Eclipse of Reason. I have had high hopes for it and have not been disappointed. The distinction. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application.

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The subjugation of nature will revert to subjugation of man, and vice versa, as long as man does not understand his own reason and the basic process by which he has created and is maintaining the antagonism that is about to destroy him. Reflections From Damaged Life German: While we have countless traditions still based in old ideologies that give us shared values and norms simply out of habit, they have been exposed as superstition.

The real individuals of our time are the martyrs [!

Jewish atheists Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. An extensive bibliography of primary and secondary sources, written in German, can be found in Max Horkheimer Gesammelte Schriften, Band History of sociology topic Sociology as a scholarly discipline emerged primarily out of the Enlightenment thought, shortly after the French Revolution, as a positivist science of society. The book takes its title from Magna Moralia, a work on ethics that was traditionally attributed to Aristotle, though modern scholarly consensus attributes it to a later, sclipse sympathetic, writer.

Already in the investigation and determination of facts, and even more in the verification of theories, a role is played by the direction of attention, the refinement of methods, the categorical structure of the subject matter—in short, by human activity corresponding to the given social period.


As body culture studies analyse culture and society in terms of human bodily practices, they are sometimes viewed as a form of materialist phenomenology. The following is a list of the works by Alfred Schmidt, a 20th-century German philosopher, sociologist and critical theorist associated closely with the Frankfurt School.

Claus Offe born 16 March in Berlin [1] is a political sociologist of Marxist orientation. Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society is a book by the philosopher Herbert Marcuse, in which the author offers a wide-ranging critique of both contemporary capitalism and the Communist society of the Soviet Union, documenting the parallel rise of new forms of social repression in both these societies, as well as the decline of revolutionary potential in the West.

Max Horkheimer (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Unlike Marx, or Soviets saw Historical Materialism as an application of Dialectical Materialism, rather than a single unity. Lenin and others who thought a undeveloped nation like Russia could establish socialism, the revolution would eventually succeed on an international level.

The inexorable drive of instrumental reason causes this distorted picture to be seen as the only true picture of the world Horkheimer a p. Academic Tools How to cite this entry. Eros and Civilization topic Eros and Civilization: Studies in the Development of Critical TheoryB.

He associates the decline rsason objective rationality in philosophy with a mechanical worldviewdisenchantment and the decline of a belief in horkheeimer living or holistic nature. Resistance to irrationality is the core of true individuality.

Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer) | Revolvy

The negative conception of critical theory is closely related to the renewed interest Horkheimer showed in Schopenhauer in his last works. Summary The Aesthetic Dimension not to be confused with a chapter from Marcuse’s Eros and Civilization of the same name is a response to previous writings within critical theory on the subject of art, notably those of Walter Benjamin and Theodor Adorno.


Horkheimer masterfully and passionately diagnoses the sickness in our society, and his outlook is grim. To a certain extent this repeats the earlier emphasis on suffering and rejection of metaphysics.

Brown’s Life Against Death Instead of using reason to organize and create society around reson that we find meaningful, we now use reason to adapt to society as it exists and to make ourselves into as efficient cogs in the machine as we can be. But he is not unreservedly critical of metaphysics.

Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer)

Culture industry topic The term reasson industry German: Objective reason is connected with religion which has ethical and explanatory horkhejmer. Horkheimer to HabermasBerkeley, CA: Weil was inspired to found the institute after the success of his week-long conference, the Erste Marxistische Arbeitswoche First Marxist Workweekin Horkheimer was the director of thee Institute and Professor of Social Philosophy at the University of Frankfurt from —, and again from — Yet there is a universal feeling of fear and disillusionment.

This connects clearly with the contrast between objective and subjective reason discussed above. Character mask topic In Marxist philosophy, a character mask German: During the s, a particular school of body culture studies spread, in connection with — and critically related to — sports studies.