participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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The environmental crisis may be interpreted as a reflection of the instrumental rationality limits. Socio-environmentalism is understood as a perspective that considers social inclusion in the management of protected areas; it comprises Social Ecology, Political Ecology and Environmental Justice, and it advocates for a paradigm shift in the environmental knowledge and in the policies directed to the area, by valuing the local communities’ culture, participation and self-determination Menezes and Siena,p.
However, these initiatives were inspired by international experiences, especially those of the United States and Europe. Questionnaires comprising 27 questions were also sent by e-mail to the federal RVS managers.
It was observed that three different opinions on the category origin and on its current role find place in the debate proposed in the current research. However, the system does not allow such a practice, i.
Parques | Unidades de Conservação
According to the same author op. Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Executive Ordinance No. This context – starting from the category origin, passing through the concepts expressed in the creation of federal RVS, and coming to the everyday management of these CUs – generates difficulties due to the lack of regulation to the category. The bill also prohibited the introduction of non-native species in the CUs, but it did not mention the exceptions related to the RVS category.
IUCN is currently the leading international organization that directs global policies concerning protected areas. Quite crowded public hearings were held in six cities during this period.
However, the recent events, as well as the increasing awareness about the complexity, will gradually give meaning to the actions taken in this direction nowadays. The authors point to a “mixed” environmentalism composed of a plural environmentalist view or to the perspective of a developing environmentalism, and they cogitate the existence of a moderate preservationism or a real change of concept.
Based on the works by Max Weber, Leff shows possible ways to analyze environmental issues and indicates the concept of rationality as being of great value to it. The big difference lies on the purpose of the protected areas and on the fact that the exclusive prerogative of Conservation Units is conserving the nature. The Geographical Journal, v.
Regarding the Amazon, the same plan determined the immediate establishment of National Parks and Forests. Efforts to diagnose snux productive rationality of landowners inserted in RVS as well as to properly manage – through the expropriations provided by law – the lands where this rationality is not compatible with the CU may xnuc the first steps towards the RVS effectiveness.
The current study consists of an exploratory research that sought to deepen the knowledge about the RVS by investigating the 9985 sources of the category within the context of the National Protected Areas System Law. Finally, there are managers who consider the category, in a way, as a forced practice of sustainable development, as it can be seen in the following statement: We appreciate the support given by different collaborators in several discussions and we thank the key-informant for his immediate and solicitous collaboration.
Dias and Pereira describe the change that occurred in the environmental and political perspectives regarding the development and management of Conservation Units since Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control.
As it was previously mentioned, the practice complied with the international hegemonic strategy especially in the USwhich, until the mids, considered that “in order to really conserve natural resources it was necessary to exclude the populations” BRITO, p. Salvador, ano VI, n. Some hypotheses can be raised to explain this limitation: According to Medeiros, Irving and Garaythe s were particularly relevant to the management of protected areas.
Menezes and Siena discussed the distribution of environmentalist ii trends preservationism, socio-environmentalism and sustainism in the ICMBio technical framework in the Legal Amazon.
Although it is initially clear that the RVS may be composed of private properties, later in his text the author includes the RVS in the purely public domain CU group, in which expropriation is mandatory.
Firstly, it is worth clarifying the difference between protected areas and conservation units.
Pureza shows another understanding of the possible inspiration for the RVS category definition. The RVS snjc is a conservation unit in the full protection group, i. Nunes, Costa and Lustosa contextualized the environmental concern according to the economic 99855, and they generalized the Full Protection CU group, including the RVS, as units where “the presence of permanent populations as well as of economic activities are prohibited” p.
This change in the RVS definition puts it away from its inspiration sources, as well as from the almost unanimous view that the category would have the primary function of protecting the fauna. However, throughout the long SNUC development process, the category definition has undergone changes that led it to be differently applied in practice.
Innovations for conservation and development. However, the current research proposes a reflection on the possibility of looking to other directions by focusing not only on dualistic antagonisms, but also on complementarity terms without conflict denial LIMA,since, according to Leffp.
At that time, the government started the debates about the SNUC.
These changes led to an innovative configuration within the group of full protection conservation unit, in which some direct uses were suggested. The incentives were essentially directed to the expansion of agricultural and urban borders and to the deployment of infrastructures. Most federal RVS have overall goals related to the protection of natural environments, but they do not mention the preservation of a specific resource, or even seek to protect relatively small areas that safeguard certain aspect or stage of a natural process.
As for the RVS category proposal, the subtle and main change it was subjected to was the focus on protection. However, the exception is limited to what is provided in the management plan – the management document based on the CU overall goals – which establishes the unit zoning as well as the natural resources management standards. This chapter explicitly determined the creation and delimitation of protected areas and confirmed the common duty of both the society and the State in maintaining and protecting nature.
However, it does not incur in land expropriation as long as the activities conducted within the property are in compliance with the goals of the protected area. However, Brazil only ratified the Biodiversity Convention in